What I really want to do with these data is what I suggested to Ray and Sheena several years ago when they first told me about the study: a multilevel model that allows preferences to vary by person, not just by sex.
Multilevel modeling would definitely be useful here, since you have something like 10 binary observations and 6 parameters to estimate for each person.
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James holds a masters degree from the University of Utah in public administration with an emphasis in human resources and a business administration degree in personnel and industrial relations from Utah State University.
Supreme Court votes, used in Chapter 14 for an exercise on ideal-point modeling unemployment: unemployment time series, used in Chapter 8 to illustrate simulation-based model checking).
Where the American study breaks ground is by showing how women—even ones who have already demonstrated considerable ambition by enrolling at an elite business school—tend to downplay that ambition in public.
Moreover, men do not value women’s intelligence or ambition when it exceeds their own.
Switching tactics, she tells her next partner that she’s a stewardess. That was back in 2000, already well past the heyday of the stay-at-home housewife. economists found that single women in an elite MBA program responded to a career survey with lower salary targets and acceptable levels of work travel if they thought their responses might be visible to their classmates.
But social mores are slow to change, and based on some new research from American and Swedish researchers, ambitious and successful women are—to this day—still penalized in the marriage market. In Sweden—a leader in gender-equity policies—a study found that when women take on leadership positions in politics or business, it doubles their chances of divorce.
Petriglieri discusses practical ways employees can handle this, and come to see this difficult phase as a career rite of passage.
She’s the co-author of “The Talent Curse” in the May-June 2017 issue of Harvard Business Review.